Carcassonne – fairy tale castles – two UNESCO world heritage sites

by Susan Robertson

Floating among the clouds, the atmospheric citadel of Carcassonne sits majestically at the top of a hill. Lying north of the River Aude, it is said to have been the inspiration for Walt Disney’s Sleeping Beauty. And with its high walls, elegant turrets and romantic towers, Carcassonne certainly does evoke thoughts of princesses and fairy tales.

Carcassonne is really a tale of two towns. Although the medieval walled town is still inhabited by around 200 residents, its primary function today is to attract and inspire tourists. Daily life takes place in the lower part of town, which is centred around the second historical area of Bastide Saint Louis, south of the river Aude. This is where you will find typical French bars, cafes, shops and restaurants. This area is also where the Canal du Midi, another UNESCO world heritage site, is situated.

The importance of this medieval walled town as a whole is reflected in its listing as one of UNESCO’s world heritage sites.

Things to do in Carcassonne

Château Comtal and medieval walled town
The moat-protected citadel of the medieval Cité houses an impressive 12th century castle steeped in history and legend. There are guided tours around the castle that take in the imposing rampart walls and stunning amphitheatre.

Basilica of Saint-Nazaire
Located within the walls of Carcassonne, there has been a church here since the 5th century but the building has been destroyed and rebuilt many times. The current building is a complex mixture of romantic and gothic architecture with breathtaking stained glass windows and eerie stone gargoyles.

La Bastide Saint Louis
This historical town was created when inhabitants were expelled from the original city that was located on top of the hill. This ‘lower town’ has a traditional grid network of narrow lanes set around a central square called Place Carnot. It is a really vibrant place full of bars, shops, boutiques and restaurants, as well as a regular market. The modern town has grown organically around the edges of this area.

Museum of Fine Arts
Located in the old courthouse in the lower town, the art gallery is housed in an impressive building, which looks absolutely stunning when it is all lit up in the evenings. It boasts an exquisite collection of art ranging from 17th to 19th century as well as regular exhibitions of tapestries and other objets d’art. It is free of charge to enter, and is open all throughout the summer months but you should check the opening hours out of season.

Canal du Midi
The Canal du Midi is a 17th century engineering marvel and was listed as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1999. It winds through the south of France linking the Atlantic to the Mediterranean and is very popular for boating holidays. There is a marina close to the Bastide area where you can enjoy a stroll, boat trip or even hire your own river cruiser.

Outdoor activities
Birds City (La Cite des Oiseaux)
An unusual attraction housing birds from all over the world. The birds perform spine-tingling acrobatics and tricks in regular open-air exhibitions, and many of these expertly-trained creatures have also starred in films. A surprising variety of bird life is housed here, from eagles, to colourful parrots, kookaburras and white storks.

Countryside activities
Lac de la Cavayere
The lake of la Cavayère is a grand reservoir near the city boundaries. There’s a nesting bird island in the centre of the lake and a range of open and wooded areas around it. You can walk right around the lake in about an hour or make the most of the picnic areas or fishing spots. If you’re feeling more energetic, there are water sports and an amusement park on offer here too.

TOP RESTAURANTS
Our selection of restaurants in Carcassonne

  1. L’Als’Assiette
    29 Rue Armagnac,
    11000 Carcassonne, France
    Phone: +33 4 68 26 64 54

This small traditional eatery provides fresh, home-cooked, hearty fare served by friendly multi-lingual staff. L’Als’Assiete is reasonably priced, with main courses around €12-15. It’s small and popular so booking would be recommended.

  1. Restaurant Adelaide
    5 rue Adelaide de Toulouse
    11000 Carcassonne, France
    Phone: +33 4 68 47 66 61

This is a contemporary restaurant serving traditional French food and wine. The outside seated area has a spectacular view being right next to the walls of the medieval city, so you can gaze at the historic turrets while enjoying your food in the sun. Great value set meals available from around €14.

  1. Comte Roger
    14 rue St Louis,
    11000 Carcassonne, France
    Phone: +33 4 68 11 93 40

This is a slightly more upmarket restaurant, the food could be described as fine dining and the price reflects that. It has a wonderfully light and contemporary feel to it, as well as a beautiful courtyard you can sit in.

  1. Le Trivalou
    69 rue Trivalle,
    11000 Carcassonne, France
    Phone: +33 4 68 71 23 11

This is a delightful little restaurant where you can relax and enjoy the cosy, informal atmosphere. There’s excellent home-cooked traditional French cuisine served by welcoming and friendly proprietors. The fixed menu options are reasonable at around €16.

MARKETS
Markets in Carcassonne
A general market with fruit, veg and flowers is held in Place Carnot on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday mornings.

DRIVING DISTANCES
Driving distances from Carcassonne to nearby cities

Toulouse 59 miles/95.9 km
Barcelona 188 miles/304 km
Montpellier 93 miles/151 km
Perpignan 72 miles/116 km
Narbonne 39 miles/63.7 km
Rivesaltes 67 miles/108 km

TOURIST OFFICE
Where to get tourist information in Carcassonne

28, rue de Verdun
11890 Carcassonne Cédex 9
Phone: + 33 4 68 10 24 30

CARCASSONNE PROPERTY SCENE
Properties for sale in Carcassonne

Property prices are reasonable for the region. Many of the properties are townhouses converted into apartments with studios starting from €50,000 – €90,000. Houses are less often available, as is outside space.

GOOGLE MAP
For your convenience you can find below a map of Carcassonne

http://goo.gl/maps/PpYxp

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Jackie De Burca

Jackie has lived in Spain since 2003. She is the author of Salvador Dalí at Home.

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Things to do in Carcasonne France

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